A woman’s hymen can tear due to playing a port, vigorous exercise or when inserting a tampon other than through sexual intercourse. The fact that a woman does not bleed during first sexual intercourse does not mean that she had sex prior. Some women are born without a hymen. Women born without a hymen can still benefit from hymenoplasty as it is a safe procedure that takes about thirty minutes.
The aim of this surgical procedure is to cause bleeding during post-nuptial intercourse, which in some cultures is considered proof of virginity. The procedure is not invasive as the hymen is located one to two centimetres inside the vagina and not deep inside the vagina.
The term may cover at least three significantly different types of procedure: